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17th September 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constitution Framers Decided to De-Link Language From National Identity

On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, Union Home Minister Amit Shah, in speech that seems to call for Hindi to become India’s national language, argued for promoting Hindi acros...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
10th September 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution-Making (September 2019): Constituent Assembly Settles on a Name for the Union

The Draft Constitution of India, 1948 opened with Article 1 stating that ‘India shall be a Union of States’. When this Article was taken up for discussion in the Constitue...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
7th September 2019 | Rohini Swamy

NLSIU is big winner as ConQuest 2019 ends with posers on War & Peace, Raghuram Rajan

(This report appeared first on ThePrint.) Bengaluru: The National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru, emerged as the champions of ConQuest 2019, India’s ...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
5th September 2019 | Kruthika R

ConQuest 2019 regional rounds test students’ knowledge of Indian Constitution

(This piece first appeared in ThePrint on 31 August 2019.) A 2015 Yuva Nagarik Meter survey found that a majority of India’s youth lacked basic understanding of democra...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
31st August 2019 | Rachel John

Over 90 North Indian teams battle it out for top prize at ConQuest

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 31 August 2019.) New Delhi: Professor K.T. Shah, a member of the first Parliament, would have been a lot more well-known had ...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
25th August 2019 | Fatima Khan

BITS-Pilani is the big winner as ConQuest 2019 wraps up western round with mind-benders

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 25 August 2019.) New Delhi: In 1969, India found itself in a peculiar situation when the offices of the President and Vice-Pr...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
18th August 2019 | ThePrint Team

IIT-KGP and NUJS teams qualify for ConQuest finals at eastern round in Kolkata

(This post first appeared in ThePrint on 18 August 2019.) Kolkata: Did you know that ‘Jai Hind’ was a special greeting coined for the Indian National Army? Or that it w...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
10th August 2019 | Fatima Khan

Students quizzed on Indian Constitution, history, politics as fourth edition of ConQuest begins

(This report first appeared in ThePrint on 26 August 2019.)  The fourth edition of ConQuest 2019 — India’s premiere national quiz on Indian Constitution, history and po...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
6th August 2019 | Vineeth Krishna

Article 370 and the Constituent Assembly Debates

(This article first appeared on ThePrint on 2 August 2019.) Jammu and Kashmir is on the edge – again. This time, over a possible repeal of Article 35A by the BJP govern...

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18th July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Union Budget #3: Constituent Assembly Limits Parliament's Power Over Certain Expenses

Today, the central government got the Lok Sabha’s nod to withdraw 98.18 lakh crore from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet the 2019-20 financial year’s expenditure. Fo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
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17th July 2019 | Kruthika R

ConQuest 2019: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to announce the 4th edition of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Po...

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ConQuest 2019
ConQuest
9th July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Union Budget #2: Should the Rajya Sabha Have a Say in the Budget?

Article 92 of the Draft Constitution stated that the union budget would be presented to both houses of parliament: House of People and Council of States. K.T. Shah felt th...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
4th July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Union Budget #1: Constituent Assembly on the Presentation of the Budget

On 5 July 2019, the Finance Minister of India, will present the Union Budget to the Lok Sabha. Article 112, Constitution of India, 1950 (Article 92), Draft Constitution of...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
1st July 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution-Making (July 1946): Congress Party’s Expert Committee Drafts first version of Objectives Resolution

July 1946 was an eventful month in Indian constitution-making project. First, elections to the Constituent Assembly concluded – the Congress Party emerged as the dominant ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
14th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Education #3: Constituent Assembly Takes up Free and Compulsory Education for Debate

In the previous post in this series, we traced the trajectory of the education provisions in the committee stages of the Constituent Assembly. The Sub-Committee on Fundame...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
12th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Two Key Historical Constitutions Proposed Separate Settlements for Untouchables

Of all the Historical Constitutions that put forward a constitutional vision, Political Demands of Scheduled Castes 1944 and States and Minorities 1945 were different in t...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
10th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Education #2: Assembly’s Advisory Committee Dispatched Education from Fundamental Rights to Directive Principles

As with the origins of most Articles of the Constitution of India, 1950, the education provisions can be traced to the Committee stages of the Constituent Assembly. In Feb...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
6th June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Education #1: How did the Historical Constitutions Treat Education?

The much-awaited Draft National Education Policy was released on 21 May 2019. The Policy has triggered a public debate over India’s education system. In June 2019, CADIndi...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
1st June 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (June 1934): Congress Makes Its First Official Demand For A Constituent Assembly

In June 1934, for the first time, the Indian National Congress formally demanded that a Constituent Assembly composed of Indians be set up to frame a Constitution for Indi...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
24th May 2019 | Kruthika R

Why did the Constitution Framers choose First-past-the-post system over proportional representation?

Yesterday, after a gruelling election schedule that spanned for six weeks, India elected members to the 17th Lok Sabha. Elections in India are based on the first-past-the-...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Affirmative Action #2: Minority Members Put Forward Their Demands in the Constituent Assembly

In this post, we look at the initial periods of Indian constitution-making to get a sense of how Constituent Assembly members engaged with affirmative action. Specifically...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
21st May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #6: The Assembly's Deliberative Credentials (Part II)

Many argue that the Constituent Assembly’s deliberations were mostly a farce as the fate of most articles of the Constitution were decided in advance, by the Congress Part...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
16th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #5: The Assembly's Deliberative Credentials (Part I)

A strand of attacks that take aim at the legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly revolve around deliberation. While some feel that the Assembly did not deliberate on questi...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
14th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Why Did the Constitution Framers Make the Directive Principles Legally Unenforceable?

In a recent essay, Achin Vanaik claims that the Indian Constitution ‘betrayed its elitist character by placing some principles concerning socio-economic justice in the non...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
10th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Affirmative Action #1: Separate Electorates in Indian Constitutional History

A striking feature of the Constitution of India, 1950 is the presence of an affirmative action architecture. In May 2019, CADIndia will look at how this was designed by fo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
7th May 2019 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #4: Was the Constituent Assembly's Membership Representative?

In the previous posts in this series, we looked at the representative credentials of the Assembly by focussing on the nature of the franchise. In this post, we look at ano...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
6th May 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution Making (May 1949): India Decides to Remain in the Commonwealth of Nations

On 16 May 1949, Jawaharlal Nehru, moved a motion in the Constituent Assembly, to ratify a Commonwealth Prime Minister’s conference declaration that he took part in a few w...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Democratic Citizenship #4: Why did the Constitution Framers Adopt Adult Franchise?

At the fag end of the Indian constitution-making project, just before the Constituent Assembly was about to adopt the Constitution, Assembly members had the chance to refl...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
25th April 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.4: Film Screening & Discussion | Does India need a National Language?

                   Description:                                       Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                   Activity P...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Constitution in the Classroom
23rd April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #3: What Did the Constituent Assembly Think of its Representative Credentials?

In November 1948, B.R. Ambedkar moved the Draft Constitution of India in the Constituent Assembly. In the days following this, members commented on the Draft putting forwa...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
18th April 2019 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna

The Legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #2: How were the Constitution Framers Chosen?

The framers of the Constitution ensured that the Indian republic would be based on direct elections with the adult franchise. Their membership of the Constituent Assembly,...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
17th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Democratic Citizenship #3: Not All Constitution Framers Were In Favour Of Adult Franchise

India’s general elections are in full swing and millions of Indian citizens are coming out to exercise their franchise. The decision of the framers of the Indian Constitut...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
12th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna

Democratic Citizenship #2: Constituent Assembly Centralizes Election Machinery

Its election time in India and the Election Commission is once again in the thick of the action. Article 324 of the Constitution charges the Commission to oversee, direct ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
11th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna and Kruthika R

The legitimacy of the Constituent Assembly #1: Was the Constituent Assembly indigenous?

The Constituent Assembly of India that drafted the Constitution is sometimes characterized as illegitimate. A variety of arguments are offered in service of this claim ran...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
8th April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Democratic Citizenship #1: Tracing Universal Adult Franchise in Indian Constitutional History

In less than a week’s time, the people of India, irrespective of their caste, creed, education or income, like they have done 16 times before, will elect members to the Lo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
2nd April 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Congress Rejects Cripps Offer, Indians Won't Support British War Effort

In April 1942, the Indian National Congress rejected British War Cabinet’s proposal popularly known as the ‘Cripps Offer’ – named after Sir Stafford Crips, who headed the ...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th March 2019 | Kruthika R

Who is an Indian #4: Which words did the Assembly invoke the most during citizenship debates?

In March, based on our monthly theme ‘Who is an Indian’ we looked at citizenship debates in the Constituent Assembly. The previous posts focussed on the interplay of c...

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29th March 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #1.4: Preamble Jig-Saw Puzzle

  Description:                                                                       Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                               ...

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28th March 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.5: Worksheet on Government

   Description:                                       Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                   Worksheet (PDF) Grade:  6    ...

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26th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constitution of India: The Long and Short of it

The authors of ‘The Long and Winding Constitution’ make the central claim that the Indian Constitution’s length and the inclusion of details are undesirable. For them, the...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
25th March 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | Bangalore Chapter | Does India need a National Language?

The Bangalore Chapter of the National Constitution Society hosted a film screening and discussion on “Samvidhaan: The Making of the Constitution of India” (Episode 7) – ...

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20th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Who is an Indian Citizen? #3: Constituent Assembly Rejected Separate State Citizenship for Indians

This post is third in the series ‘Who is an Indian Citizen?’. Read the previous post here Between February and October 1948, the Drafting Committee received numerous co...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
18th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide #3 Using Filter(s)

In the previous post in this series, we looked at how to approach and use ‘keywords’ effectively. In this post, we move on to another important aspect of the advanced sear...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
17th March 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | ULC Chapter | Events around the International Women’s Day

The University Law College Chapter of the National Constitution Society (ULC-NCS) conducted a series of events between 11th and 14th March, 2019 in the context of the Inte...

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15th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Who is an Indian Citizen? #2: Constitution Framers Debated if Indian Citizenship Should be Based on Race or Birth.

This post is second in the series ‘Who is an Indian Citizen?’. Read the previous post here On 29 April 1947, the Constituent Assembly, for the first time, engaged with ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
6th March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Who is an Indian Citizen? #1: The Constituent Assembly Refused to Hyphenate Religion and Citizenship

On January 8, 2018, the Lok Sabha passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016. The Bill, by amending the Citizenship Act 1955, made illegal migrants form the Hindu, Sikh...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
1st March 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month in Constitution-Making (March 1947): Assembly Committee Splits Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles Emerge

On March 30th 1947, the Constituent Assembly’s Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights turned ‘to the examination of the directive principles of social policy’. This was the f...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Month in Constitution Making
27th February 2019 | Kruthika R

NCS | Delhi Chapter | How much freedom is too much freedom?

On 25th February 2019, the Delhi Chapter of the National Constitution Society organised a discussion on Sedition Laws and Fundamental Rights in India at the Zakir Hussain ...

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27th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #4: How was temple entry invoked in the Constituent Assembly?

  The issue of temple entry has been a burning issue in public discourse for the past few months in the light of the recent Sabarimala Temple Entry Case. In the...

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26th February 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #3: The debate in the Constituent Assembly on Article 25(2)(b)

In the previous post in the Religious Freedom and Social Reform series, we looked at the concerns raised in the Committee stages of the constitution-making process by Rajk...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
20th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Thinking Sedition, Thinking Freedom

On 16th February 2019, the Aligarh Muslim University Chapter of the National Constitution Society (“NCS”) organized a public discussion on Thinking Sedition, Thinking Free...

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15th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.4: Gender Equality in the Indian Constitutional History

Description:                                                                Resources Curriculum: NCERT                                                    Exercise ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
12th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.3: Understanding Diversity in the Constituent Assembly

                                                          Description:                                                               Resources Curriculum: NCERT ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
12th February 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #2: Early Developments in Indian Constitution Making

In September 2018, the Supreme Court of India in the Sabarimala Temple Entry Case held that Sabarimala’s exclusion of menstruating women violated the Constitution. Article...

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Supreme Court Observer
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Temple
5th February 2019 | Kruthika R

Religious Freedom and Social Reform #1: The 1933 Temple Entry Bill

This is the first post in this month's series on Religious Freedom and Social Reform in the Indian Constitutional History. The 2018 Sabarimala case has generated public...

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2nd February 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #1.2: Colouring National Flags

Description:                                                      Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                                                    Exercise (PDF) Lev...

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Constitution in the Classroom
Quit india movement 2017 stamp1
1st February 2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Month In Constitution Making (February 1947) : Britain Announces It Will Quit India; Constituent Assembly Appoints Critical Committees

On February 20, 1947, around 17 years after the Purna Swaraj Declaration, British Prime Minister C.R. Atlee made it official: the British would leave India and transfer po...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Month in Constitution Making
CADIndia
31st January 2019 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna

Which Countries Did the Constituent Assembly Refer to while Debating Emergency Provisions?

Between August 1949 and October 1949, members of the Constituent Assembly debated the Draft Constitution’s emergency provisions - Draft Articles 275 to 280A (Articles ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
30th January 2019 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.2: Word Puzzle on Women Constituent Assembly Members

Description:                                                                Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                    Word Puz...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Constitution in the Classroom
28th January 2019 | Kruthika R

“The Advocate” | Film Screening & Discussion

On Republic Day 2019, the Centre for Law and Policy Research in association with The Students’ Outpost organised a film screening and discussion around “The Advocate” (Par...

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28th January 2019 | Jai Brunner

St. Joseph’s College of Law | Teaching Faculty Workshop on the Constitution

On 30th January 2019, St. Joseph’s College of Law will host a workshop for law and political science teachers across colleges in Bangalore, “Teaching and Learning the ...

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28th January 2019 | Nikhita Thomas

Mallya Aditi International School | 70th Republic Day | Dialogues on the Indian Constitution

On the occasion of the 70th Republic Day celebrations, elementary school students at Mallya Aditi International School gathered together for a session on the Indian Consti...

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15th January 2019 | Amisha Pareek

NCS | Workshop on Constitutional History and Freedom of Speech

(Amisha Pareek, Board Member of National Constitution Society, reports on  CLPR’s workshop on Constitutional History and Freedom of Speech.) On the occasion of National...

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Worksheets
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
15th January 2019 | Disha Chaudhary

Constituent Assembly Debates Workshop: Exploring Freedom of Speech

On 12th December 2018, the Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) in collaboration with thePraja Foundation, conducted a 2-hour workshop on Indian Constitutional Hist...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
5th January 2019 | Kruthika R

This Month in Constitution Making: India Becomes a Republic

On January 26, 1950 - Republic Day - the Constitution of India came into effect marking the culmination of the Constituent Assembly’s work that began in late 1946; the Ass...

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This Month in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
Old parliment ed
2019 | Vineeth Krishna E

Four Ways in Which the CADs Shaped Public Debates and Judicial Decision Making in India

1. Sabarimala Temple Entry The Supreme Court in the Sabarimala Temple Entry Case held that the exclusion of women between ages of 10-50 years violated fundamental right...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
20th December 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Begins to Debate Nehru's Objectives Resolution

On 16 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly began to respond to Jawaharlal Nehru’s Objectives Resolution that he moved in the previous sitting. M.R. Jayakar was the ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
15th December 2018 | Kruthika R and Vineeth Krishna

Commemorating 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Miloon Kothari on the Indian Contribution to the Declaration

November 2018 marked the 70th Anniversary of the historic Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR). Miloon Kothari reminds us that while the Declaration was being draft...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
12th December 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly elects Rajendra Prasad as its Chairman

For the Constituent Assembly of India, 11 December 1946 was an important day. Two days after its first sitting, it was going to choose one of its members to the most criti...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
10th December 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: S. Nijalingappa

S. Nijalingappa was a Constituent Assembly member elected from Bombay province: he was a freedom fighter and the three times Chief Minister of Karnataka. Nijalingappa was ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
5th December 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Gives Indians the Right to Not Pay Taxes that the State Intends to Use for Religious Purposes

On 7th December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 21 (Article 27, Constitution of India, 1950) for debate. The Draft Article stated that: ‘Freedom as...

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This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
3rd December 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.3: Quiz on the President of India

Description:                                                                 Curriculum: NCERT                                                     Grade:  9     ...

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Constitution in the Classroom
30th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide #2 Using Keyword(s)

This second post in the CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide series, will focus on keyword(s). In most cases, the keyword(s) that you’ll enter into the search box will be...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
29th November 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Chaudhary Ranbir Singh

  Chaudhary Ranbir Singh was a Constituent Assembly member elected from East Punjab: he was a renowned parliamentarian and freedom fighter. He has the distinction of be...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Premable to the constitution of india
26th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Adopts the Indian Constitution

Sixty-nine years ago, on 26 November 1949, Sardar Patel began the proceedings of the Constituent Assembly with some good news: I am glad to inform the House that all t...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
26th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

India’s founders gave us our Constitution. We must prove to them that we can keep it

[This piece, written by Vineeth Krishna, from the CADIndia team, first appeared in ThePrint on 26 November, 2018] The Indian Constitution, adopted by the constituent as...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
19th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constituent Assembly Takes up the Revised Draft Constitution

Between 15th November 1948 and 17th October 1949, the Constituent Assembly debated and discussed provisions of the Draft Constitution along with a staggering number of ame...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Do you know   1
14th November 2018 | Kruthika R

Do you know #7: Which Constituent Assembly members argued for B.N Rau to finalise the Draft of the Constitution?

The Drafting Committee in the Constituent Assembly produced a draft Constitution which the Assembly debated, amended and adopted. However during the debates relating to th...

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Do you know?
Andika font
12th November 2018 | Jai Brunner

NCS Convention 2018 – Selected Student Delegates

Thank you to all those who applied to be Student Delegates at the National Constitution Society(NCS) Convention 2018. Congratulations to the 32 of you who were selected...

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11th November 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Abul Kalam Azad

  Abul Kalam Azad was elected to the Constituent Assembly from United Provinces: he was a freedom fighter, poet and the first Education Minister of independent India. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
9th November 2018 | Jai Brunner

National Constitution Society Convention - Agenda

On 26th November 2018 we celebrate Constitution Day. Sixty-nine years ago on 26th November 1949 the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India. Do younger gene...

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This year that week inconstituent assembly
7th November 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

B.R. Ambedkar introduces the Draft Constitution in the Constituent Assembly

4th November 1948 was a critical date in India’s constitution-making process. On this day B.R. Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee, formally introduced the Dr...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
30th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Sardar Vallabhai Patel

  Sardar Vallabhai Patel was a Constituent Assembly member elected from Bombay province: he was a prominent freedom fighter, statesman and the first Home Minister of in...

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Assembly Member of The Week
29th October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

CADIndia Advanced Search: A Guide #1 Introduction

The flagship feature of the CADIndia website is the advanced search - that allows easy and swift access to Indian constitutional history materials. In this series of ‘...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
29th October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

B.N. Rau’s Draft Constitution and World Tour

In the last week of October 1947, B.N. Rau the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly of India produced a Draft Constitution. This Draft reflected the repo...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
17th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.2: Drafting Committee Members | Word Puzzle

The Constituent Assembly on 29th August 1947 appointed the Drafting Committee. This Committee was tasked to scrutinise the Draft Constitution of B. N. Rau (Constitutional ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
17th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Call for Applications: Student Delegates for National Constitution Society Convention

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) invites you to apply to be a Student Delegate at the first National Constitution Society Convention to be held on Friday 23rd...

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Do you know
17th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Do you know? #6: Which Constituent Assembly Member was in the most Committees?

The Constituent Assembly and its Committees were critical institutions that drafted the Indian Constitution. While the constitution-making process is mostly identified wit...

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Do you know?
15th October 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #2.1: Quiz on Indian Constitutional and Political History

  Description:                                                                 Curriculum: NCERT                                                      Grade(s)...

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Constitution in the Classroom
This year that week inconstituent assembly
10th October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Constituent Assembly Makes a Temporary Exception to the Constitution’s Federal Scheme

On 7th October 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India took up Draft Article 306 (Article 369, Constitution of India, 1950) for debate. The Draft Article gave the Union go...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Thumb ncs
4th October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

National Constitution Society

In 2017 India celebrated 70 years of Independence from British colonial rule. In 2018, Indians born in the 21st century will for the first time become eligible to vote for...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
421px gandhi smiling r
1st October 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

M.K. Gandhi and the Demand for a Constituent Assembly

M.N. Roy was the first to demand a Constituent Assembly for India in 1934. A year later, the Indian National Congress made this a formal demand in a resolution that reject...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
29th September 2018 | Rohini Swamy

Gujarat and Delhi students emerge winners in ConQuest national quiz finals

We conducted the South Regional Rounds and National Final Rounds of ConQuest 2018 on 28th September 2018. ThePrint carried a report on these rounds. Bengaluru: Did you ...

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26th September 2018 | Vineeth Krishna

Constitution framers did not anticipate use of criminal law in reforming Muslim Personal Law

This piece, writtern by Vineeth Krishna, Lead Associate Editor, CLPR  first appeared on 26 September 2018 in ThePrint and is part of the ConQuest-ThePrint series of articl...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
Constituent Assembly Debates
20th September 2018 | Kruthika R

ConQuest: India’s premiere national quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

ConQuest: India’s premiere national quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics is CLPR’s annual flagship event. It is aims to have students engage with India’s ...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest 2017
ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
16th September 2018 | ThePrint Team

ConQuest defending champions continue their winning streak by acing western region round

ThePrint's report on the West regional rounds of ConQuest 2018. From who started the concept of formal economic planning in India to listing out prime ministers who hav...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
9th September 2018 | ThePrint Team

ConQuest 2018 finalists from eastern region were chosen in Kolkata

ThePrint carried a report on the East Regional Round of ConQuest 2018. As the Supreme Court passed a landmark judgment on Section 377 Thursday, the youth in Kolkata ask...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
3rd September 2018 | Kruthika R

Indian Constitutional History Workshop on Freedom of Speech at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi

We conducted an Indian Constitutional history workshop at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi on 29th August 2018. Around 30 students participated in it which focussed on “Explor...

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Worksheets
Constituent Assembly Debates
2nd September 2018 | Kruthika R

Round up of North Regional Rounds of ConQuest 2018

CLPR conducted the North Regional Rounds of ConQuest 2018 on 1st September 2018 at National Law University, Delhi. The morning rains of Delhi did not seem to deter the ...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
2nd September 2018 | Priyamvada Grover

From suffrage to the right to sleep, India’s youth ask (and answer) the right questions

ThePrint carried a piece today on North Regional Rounds of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics.  The quest is on t...

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ConQuest 2018
ConQuest
31st August 2018 | Admin

What India of today can learn from constitutional conversations on fraternity

This piece, written by Kruthika.R, appeared on ThePrint on 31st August 2018 under the title 'What India of today can learn from constitutional conversations on fraternity'...

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30th August 2018 | ThePrint Team

Knowing your Constitution has an added incentive - winning ConQuest 2018

ThePrint carried a piece today on CLPR's initiative ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics.  The quiz will comprise f...

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ConQuest
Assembly member of the week
18th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Rev. Jerome D’souza

Reverend Jerome D’souza was a Constituent Assembly member elected from the Madras province: he was a Jesuit priest, writer and an educationist. Rev. D’souza was born o...

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Assembly Member of The Week
16th August 2018 | Kruthika R

The Indian Constitution in the Classroom: Law, History and Politics

We believe that a vibrant constitutional culture in India can only emerge when citizens engage with and understand India’s constitutional tradition and how this relates to...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
15th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.2: Worksheet on Uniform Civil Code (HTML)

1. To engage with the Constituent Assembly Debates on the Uniform Civil Code, we must first identify the date(s) on which the Constituent Assembly debated it. Find out the...

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Constitution in the Classroom
Worksheets
Constituent Assembly Debates
Post image
15th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.2: Worksheet on Uniform Civil Code

Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);              ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
13th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.4: Worksheet on Right Against Exploitation

Articles 23 and 24 of the Constitution of India 1950, guarantees us the right against exploitation. These provisions prohibit: human trafficking, begar, any form of forced...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
11th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.5: Worksheet on Freedom of Speech

The Constitution guarantees all Indian citizens the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression. This right is subject to the constitutionally prescribed reasona...

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Constitution in the Classroom
Worksheets
Post image
10th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in The Classroom #4.1: Worksheet on Objectives Resolution

Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);              ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Post image
10th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #3.1: Worksheets on Religion and Personal Laws

Description:                                                                   Resources: Curriculum: NCERT                                                       Case B...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Cq media v2 1
6th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Conquest 2018

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to announce the 3rd edition of ConQuest: India’s Premiere National Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Po...

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ConQuest
ConQuest 2018
Post image
5th August 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #4.3: Worksheet on Ban on Cow Slaughter

Description:                                                                                        Resources: Curriculum: BCI (law courses in India);              ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
This year that week inconstituent assembly
4th August 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Decides To Suspend Freedoms Under Article 19 During An Emergency

On 4th August 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 279 (Article 358, Constitution of India) – one of the emergency provisions in the Draft Constitution – f...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
Assembly member of the week
28th July 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Dakshayani Vellayudan

Dakshayani Vellayudan was a Constituent assembly member elected from the Madras constituency. She was a parliamentarian and Dalit woman activist. She was born 106 year...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly Member of The Week
28th July 2018 | Vineeth Krishna

Orientation program at St. Joseph’s College of Law

CLPR conducted a day-long orientation program at St. Joseph’s College of Law on 25th July 2018 for the newly admitted first-year students. The program consisting of four s...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd July 2018 | Admin

Is Article 17 of the Constitution restricted to only caste-based untouchability?

This piece, written by Vineeth Krishna from the CADIndia team, first appeared in ThePrint on 22 July 2018 under the title 'Lawyers argued women are untouchables at Sabarim...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
16th July 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

How Did Members Of The Constituent Assembly React To The Imminent Partition of India?

On 14th July 1947, two months since it last met, the Constituent Assembly of India sat down for business. This sitting marked the beginning a new phase of constitution-mak...

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This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
5th July 2018 | Vineeth Krishna

Women’s Rights in Indian Constitutional History

There were a number of Historical Constitutions that articulated a constitutional imagination which paid attention to women’s rights. The relevant provisions in these docu...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
4th July 2018 | Kruthika R

Why did the framers not specify Devadasi practice within right against exploitation?

The fundamental right against exploitation has been articulated in Article 23 of the Indian Constitution. Article 23 bans human trafficking, begar and forced labour. This ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
30th June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Freedom of Speech in the Historical Constitutions

The Constitution of India gives citizens the right to freedom of speech subject to certain restrictions. This article will briefly look at how antecedent constitutional do...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
30th June 2018 | Kruthika R

ConQuest 2018 - CLPR’s 3rd Edition of National Level Quiz on the Indian Constitution

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to conduct 3rd edition of India’s only national-level quiz on the Indian Constitution and its history. The quiz wi...

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ConQuest
Assembly member of the week
29th June 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Sucheta Kripalani

Sucheta Kripalani was a member of the Constituent Assembly who was elected from the United Province. She was a freedom fighter, parliamentarian and the first woman Chief M...

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Assembly Member of The Week
21st June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Public Health in Indian Constitutional History

The Nehru Report, 1928 was the first historical constitution that viewed public health as a constitutional right. Under the ‘fundamental rights’ section, the Nehru Report ...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Testimonial
15th June 2018 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Shiva Jolad

Shiva Jolad is an Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar. He has been actively engaging with our website. This is what he had to say about it: ...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
This year that week inconstituent assembly
13th June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The President of India is Given the Power to Appoint a Backward Classes Commission

On 16 June 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 301 (Article 340, Constitution of India, 1950) for debate. The Draft Article gave the President of India th...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Assembly member of the week
12th June 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Gopinath Bordoloi

Gopinath Bordoloi was a member of the Constituent Assembly elected from the Assam Province. He was a freedom fighter, parliamentarian and the first Chief Minister of Assam...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Do you know   1
11th June 2018 | Kruthika R

Do you know? #5: Which was the first English newspaper in India?

Bengal Gazette (also known as ‘Original Calcutta General Advertiser’) was the first English language newspaper printed not just in India but Asia as well. The paper served...

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Do you know?
This year that week inconstituent assembly
7th June 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Restricts Former High Court Judges to Practice Law

On 7 June 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 196 for discussion; B.R. Ambedkar and Sardar Hukam Singh moved two amendments. While Ambedkar proposed that ...

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This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
31st May 2018 | Vineeth Krishna

Dear Ravi Shankar Prasad, the soul of Constitution resides not in images, but in its text

This article, authored by Vineeth Krishna E, Lead Associate Editor, CLPR,  first appeared in the ThePrint.in on 31.05.2018 Since the text of the Constitution goes again...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
Noose
19th May 2018 | Kruthika R

Capital Punishment in Indian Constitutional History

On 21st April 2018, the President of India signed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 (“Ordinance”). The Ordinance amended certain criminal laws including Indian ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
3rd May 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the week – R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty

R. K. Shanmukhan Chetty was a Constituent Assembly member from the Madras constituency. He was a prominent economist and went on to become India’s first Finance Minister. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
B.r. ambedkar in 1950
30th April 2018 | Admin

Can you be a true democracy & let go of caste, Ambedkar asked Indians. We are yet to reply

This piece first appeared on ThePrint.in on 29 April 2018 as a special article for Dalit history month. It was written by Vineeth Krishna E, Lead Associate Editor, Centre ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
800px supreme court of india   200705
25th April 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Impeaching a Supreme Court Judge: The Debate in the Constituent Assembly

Recently, the Congress party mobilised members of the Rajya Sabha to sign a notice of motion to remove the Chief Justice of India – Dipak Mishra – from his post. The m...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
25th April 2018 | Kruthika R

Constitution in the Classroom #1.1: Exploring Constitutional Values Through the Preamble

Description:                                                                        Resources: Grade - 1 to 4                ...

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Worksheets
Constitution in the Classroom
Assembly member of the week  1
24th April 2018 | Shikhar Goel

Assembly Member of the Week – Ramnath Goenka

  Ramnath Goenka is a Constituent Assembly member elected to the Assembly from Madras from a Congress party ticket. Goenka is most popularly known for setting up Índ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Do you know   1
24th April 2018 | Sampada S Venkatesh

Do you know? #4: What B. N. Rau and Shiva Rao, both of whom played an important role in the Indian constitution making, have in common?

  Sir Benegal Narsing Rau (or B. N. Rau), born 26 February 1887, was, in Jawaharlal Nehru’s words “a perfect civil servant”. After studying in Madras and Cambridge, he ...

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Do you know?
Happyvesak day   1
24th April 2018 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Jaipat S. Jain

Jaipat S. Jain is an Attorney at Law and Partner at a New York based law firm - Lazare Potter Giacovas & Moyle LLP. His testimonial about our website is: "I am deli...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
460px dr. bhimrao ambedkar
17th April 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

B.R. Ambedkar on the Working of Constitutional Democracy in India

  The BBC released a video late last year of an interview it conducted with B.R. Ambedkar in 1953. The content of the video is interesting and remarkable. It re...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Do you know   1
7th April 2018 | Kruthika R

Do you know? #3: Who did the art work in the Indian Constitution?

The Constitution of India was not originally a printed document, but the handiwork of artist Nandalal Bose and calligrapher Prem Behari Narain Raizada. The finished manusc...

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Do you know?
Assembly member of the week
2nd April 2018 | Sampada S Venkatesh

Assembly Member of the Week - Jagjivan Ram

  Jagjivan Ram, or Babuji as he was fondly known, was born to a Dalit family 110 years ago on 5 April 1908. He holds the record for being a parliamentarian for 50 years...

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Assembly Member of The Week
501px bhagat singh
27th March 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Bhagat Singh and the Karachi Resolution on Fundamental Rights

Image Credits: Wikipedia Commons Did the passing of the Karachi Resolution on Fundamental Rights,1931 have anything to do with the execution of Bhagat Singh? Last w...

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CADIndia
Salt march statue
19th March 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Salt March in Indian Constitutional History – Part II

In Part I of this post, we viewed the Salt March through the lens of certain constitutional antecedent documents. Today, we will look at how the Salt March was invoked...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
19th March 2018 | Shreyan Acharya

Assembly Member of The Week: Ananthasayanam Ayyangar

Madhabhooshi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar was a freedom fighter, lawyer, Parliamentarian and a Constituent Assembly member . He was a believer of the Gandhian philosophy of ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
14th March 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Salt March in Indian Constitutional History – Part I

            This week, 88 years ago on March 12, 1930, M.K. Gandhi along with his followers walked 100 miles to the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat to ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
12th March 2018 | Shreyan Acharya

Assembly Member of The Week: S.H. Prater

  Stanley Henry Prater also known as S.H. Prater was the representative of the Anglo-Indian community in the Constituent Assembly. He was a British Naturalist who born ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
6th March 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Framers of India's Constitution Rejected a Right to Bear Arms

The latest in the string of incidents related to mass shootings in the United States has once again triggered a debate around the issue of gun control in that country. Unl...

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CADIndia
Assembly member of the week
5th March 2018 | Dhruv Mehrotra,

Assembly Member of the Week - K. T. Shah

  Prof. K. T. Shah was a prominent economist, advocate, socialist and Constituent Assembly member. He passed away 55 years ago, in March, 1953. Before joining the C...

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Assembly Member of The Week
26th February 2018 | Shreyan Acharya

Assembly Member of The Week: B. Shiva Rao

Benegal Shiva Rao also known as B. Shiva Rao was a prominent journalist and Constituent Assembly Member. He was born 127 years ago on 26th February 1891. Born in a family ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
19th February 2018 | Dhruv Mehrotra

Assembly Member of the Week- Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

Rafi Ahmed Kidwai was a freedom fighter, politician, and socialist. He was a member of the Constituent Assembly and was born 124 years ago on 18th February 1894. Born i...

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Assembly Member of The Week
12th February 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Dr. Kailash Nath Katju

  Dr. Kailash Nath Katju was an eminent advocate, politician, and constituent assembly member. During his childhood, Katju aspired to study medicine. However, his ac...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly Member of The Week
Assembly member of the week
5th February 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was one of the 15 woman Constituent Assembly Members in the Constituent Assembly and was the first woman Cabinet Minister of free India. Kaur was b...

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Assembly Member of The Week
31st January 2018 | Kruthika R

Announcement: Selected Student Contributors for the CADIndia Website

  Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) has developed the CADIndia website as a portal to engage with India’s constitutional and political history and bring it to t...

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Assembly member of the week
31st January 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Moturi Satyanarayana

  Moturi Satyanarayana was born 116 years ago. He was a Constituent Assembly Member from the Madras Province on the Congress party ticket and served in the Assembly fro...

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Assembly Member of The Week
29th January 2018 | Satya Prasoon

7 Constituent Assembly Debates Workshops in Mumbai, leading up to Republic Day 2018

CLPR conducted a series of Indian constitutional history workshops in Mumbai between 23-25th January around various themes by engaging with the Constituent Assembly Debate...

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CADIndia
27th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Becoming a Republic: Journey in the Constituent Assembly

  The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 formed the Constituent Assembly which sat for the first time on 9th December 1946. In the backdrop of suspicion and uncertainty due to ...

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26th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Celebrating Republic Day with Mallya Aditi International School

  The CLPR team celebrated Republic Day on 26th January 2018 with the students and staff of Mallya Aditi International School, Bengaluru. We created an immersive experi...

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25th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Becoming a Republic: Idea of Freedom

  India became independent in 1947 through the Indian Independence Act, 1947; it was only in 1950 that it became a ‘Republic’. Between 1947 and 1950 India was a dominio...

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This year that week inconstituent assembly
22nd January 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly passes the Objectives Resolution

Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the Objectives Resolution in the Constituent Assembly on 13th December 1946. The Assembly extensively debated the Resolution between 16th and 1...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
Assembly member of the week
15th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week - Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir

Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir was born 119 years ago on 15th January 1899. He was appointed to the Constituent Assembly from East Punjab. After Indian independence Musaf...

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13th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Call for Student Contributors

Interested to write about and engage with India’s constitutional and political history? Apply to become a Student Contributor for Center for Law and Policy Research’s CADI...

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Assembly member of the week
8th January 2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – John Matthai

  John Matthai was born 131 years ago on 10th January 1886. He was a member of Constituent Assembly elected from United Provinces. Image Credits : http://www.drj...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Constituent Assembly Debates
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
7th January 2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

Executive Actions To Be Taken Under The Name Of The President

On 7th January 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 64 of the Draft Constitution (Article 77 of the Final Constitution). The Draft Article provided for all execu...

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CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
Happyvesak day   1
2nd January 2018 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Website Testimonial - Nishant Gokhale

Nishant Gokhale's (LLM candidate from Harvard Law School) testimonial on our website: 'CLPR's database on the Constituent Assembly Debates is a refreshingly new take on...

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CADIndia Website Testimonials
Assembly member of the week
2018 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – Jaipal Singh

  Jaipal Singh elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946 from Bihar province was born on 3rd January 1903. Jaipal Singh was a gifted hockey player and while he wa...

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Assembly Member of The Week
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
2018 | Vineeth Krishna E

The Constituent Assembly Establishes a Parliament for India

On 3rd January 1949, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 66 of the Draft Constitution (Article 79 of the Final Constitution) for debate. The Draft Article constituted...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This Week in Constitution Making
Assembly member of the week
27th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – K. M. Munshi

  K. M. Munshi was born 130 years ago on 30th December 1887 in Gujarat. Elected from the Bombay province he was an active member of the Constituent Assembly from its in...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly Member of The Week
CADIndia
This year that week inconstituent assembly
25th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna E

This Week in Constitution Making: The President Secures the Right to Commute Sentences

On 29th December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 59 of the Draft Constitution (Article 72 of the Final Constitution) for debate. This Article was previously...

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CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
20th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – Kallur Subba Rao

  Kallur Subba Rao died 45 years ago on 20th December 1972.  He was a Constituent Assembly Member from Madras Province. He was twice elected to the Madras Assembly and ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
18th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

The Constituent Assembly Sets Up Committee To Negotiate With The Princely States

  The Constituent Assembly of India - created and constrained by the Cabinet Mission Plan - sat for the first time on 9th December 1946. Representatives of the princely...

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CADIndia
This Week in Constitution Making
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
11th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This week in Constitution-Making: How should the President of India be elected?

  On 13th December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Article 43 of the Draft Constitution (Article 54 – Constitution of India, 1950) and debated the following ques...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
10th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week – C.Rajagopalachari

  Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was born 139 years ago on 10th December 1878. He was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Madras province in 1946 and was a part of it...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
6th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This Week in Constitution Making: Dr Sachindananda Sinha takes charge as Provisional Chairman of the Constituent Assembly

On 9th December 1946, the Constituent Assembly sat for the first time. Acharya Kriplani, the then President of the Indian National Congress, kicked off proceedings - on be...

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Assembly member of the week  1
4th December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week – Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, a Constituent Assembly member from Bihar, was born 133 years ago on 3rd December 1884. He was an active member of the Indian National Congress from 19...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
4th December 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This week in Constitution Making: The Constituent Assembly Criminalises Forced Labour

On 3rd December 1948, the Constituent Assembly took up Draft Article 17 ( Article 23 of the Constitution of India, 1950) - that criminalised forced labour - for debate. Th...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
3rd December 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week - Kengal Hanumanthaiah

Kengal Hanumanthaiah, a Constituent Assembly member from Mysore, died 37 years ago on 1st December 1980. He was an active Congress party member since his student years. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
25th November 2017 | Kruthika R

Commemoration of Constitution Day in Other Countries

India observes Constitution Day on 26th November marking the adoption of Constitution by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949. India is not the only country that...

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25th November 2017 | Satya Prasoon

Evolution of ‘Constitution Day’ – 26th November

This day, 68 years ago, on 26th November, 1949, the Constitutent Assembly adopted the Constitution though it came into force, two months later, on 26th January, 1950. It t...

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Assembly member of the week
25th November 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week : Dr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Dr. B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya was born 137 years ago on 24th November 1880 in Andhra Pradesh. He was a Constituent Assembly member elected from Madras Province. Sitaramay...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
25th November 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

This Week in Constitution Making : Did it take too long to draft the Indian Consitution?

On 25th November 1949, a day before the Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution – which we now commemorate every year as Constitution Day ( ‘Law Day’ till 201...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
17th November 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of the Week: Jawaharlal Nehru

  Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of independent India, was also the longest serving Prime Minister, holding the office for a total of seventeen years. ...

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Assembly Member of The Week
This year that week inconstituent assembly
17th November 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Drafting Committee Under Criticism : The Third Reading of the Draft Constitution

On the 17th of November 1949, proceedings of the Constituent Assembly began with Ambedkar moving the motion: ‘That the Constitution as settled by the Assembly be passed’. ...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
13th November 2017 | Kruthika R

CAD India Workshop at North Eastern Hill University

  Around 45 students from the law department of North Eastern Hill University participated in our workshop on “Exploring Cow Slaughter Debates in Indian Constitutional ...

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CADIndia
13th November 2017 | Kruthika R

CAD India Workshop at Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

  Around 50 students from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences of Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati attended the ‘Exploring Uniform Civil Code in Indi...

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CADIndia
6th November 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Tackling Social Boycott: Pre-Constitutional Efforts

  On 19 May the Supreme Court of India heard final arguments in Shayara Bano v Union of India in which one of the issues the court had to decide upon was the constituti...

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Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
28th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Freedom of Speech and Contempt of Court: The Debate in the Constituent Assembly

On 17th October 1949, T.T. Krishnamachari, member of the Drafting Committee, moved an amendment to Draft Article 13 (which became Article 19 of the Final Constitution) and...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Do you know   1
27th October 2017 | Kruthika R

Do you know?: #2: Who suggested to inscribe Swastika in India’s National Flag

The idea of a national flag for India was used at various junctions of Indian Independence movement calling for a united and free nation. In 1906 the following flag wit...

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CADIndia
Do you know?
Constituent Assembly Debates
O canada   2
26th October 2017 | Kruthika R

CADIndia Tutorial - Read, Search, Explore and Engage with the Indian Constitutional History

  We are excited to introduce you to CADIndia Website 2.0. We invite you to Read, Search, Explore and Engage with the Indian Constitutional History through our webs...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Website launch
26th October 2017 | Kruthika R

Launch of CADIndia Website 2.0.

  Announcing the launch of CLPR's redesigned website - CADIndia 2.0. With improved, intelligent access to the Indian Constituent Assembly Debates, the Historic...

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CADIndia
Cadindiaworkshop
25th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Reading the Constitution – Workshop at Mallya Aditi International School

A pre-requisite for citizens to critically engage with contemporary political, legal and social issues is an understanding and appreciation of India’s rich constitutional ...

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CADIndia
Do you know   1
9th October 2017 | Kruthika R

Do you know? #1: Who composed the tune of Jana Gana Mana?

  Jana gana mana, India’s national anthem, was written by Rabindranath Tagore around 1911 and was sung by Sarala Devi Chowdhurani for the first time at the annual sessi...

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Do you know?
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
This year that week inconstituent assembly
9th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Protection of the Crown’s Civil Service: The Debate in the Constituent Assembly

On 10th October 1949, K.M. Munshi, member of the Drafting Committee, moved Draft Article 283-A in the Constituent Assembly for its approval.  The Article provided for memb...

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This Week in Constitution Making
CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Assembly member of the week
6th October 2017 | Kruthika R

Assembly Member of The Week: Hansa Jivraj Mehta

  The Supreme Court of India recently guaranteed the right to equality of Muslim women by holding the practice of triple talaq unconstitutional.  During the framing...

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Assembly Member of The Week
Cadindia
6th October 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

CADIndia Version 2.0: What’s New?

CADIndia Version 2.0, developed by the Centre for Law and Policy Research, Bangalore (CLPR) sports a new visual design with improvements to functionality along wit...

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Cq sm miniposter04
4th September 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Round up - National Finals of ConQuet 2017

The National Finals of ConQuest 2017 was held on 1st September 2017 at the School of Law, Christ University, Bangalore. Intense competition in four Regional Rounds produce...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Conquest poster west 1 1 1
29th August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest 2017 West Regional Round held on 26th Aug 2017

The west regional round of ConQuest 2017 was held in the campus of our regional Partner Symbiosis Law School, Pune. 56 teams from Pune, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Goa took p...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Conquest poster north 1 1 1
23rd August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest 2017 North Regional Round held on 19th Aug 2017

The north regional round of ConQuest 2017 was held in the campus of our regional partner National Law University, Delhi. We saw over whelming participation of 82 teams fro...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Conquest poster south 1 1 1
14th August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest 2017 South Regional Round held on 11th Aug 2017

The South Regional Round of ConQuest 2017 was held on 11th August 2017 in the campus of our regional partner – School of Law, Christ University. 60 teams from Karnataka, T...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
Cq digitalposter east  1
7th August 2017 | Kruthika R

Roundup of ConQuest2017 East Regional Round held on 5th Aug 2017

The East Regional Round of ConQuest 2017 was held on the campus of our East regional partner – West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata. 35 t...

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ConQuest 2017
ConQuest
20th July 2017 | Kruthika R

Revisiting the debate on Presidential Elections in Constituent Assembly Debates

The Election Commission conducted the presidential election on 17th July, 2017.  Article 54 of the Constitution of India, 1950 provides for the President to be elected by ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Cq sm miniposter04
11th July 2017 | Kruthika R

Conquest 2017

Who can participate?   This year the quiz is open to senior high school students (11th – 12th grade/PUC/Junior College) in addition to undergraduate and graduate stu...

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ConQuest
ConQuest 2017
Cad oc
31st May 2017 | Kruthika R

The Contempt Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Constituent Assembly Debates

In 2011 Justice Karnan complained to the National Commission for Scheduled Castes of caste based discrimination by his brother judges of the Madras High Court. A series of...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
10th April 2017 | Kruthika R

Money-Finance Bills in the Rajya Sabha

The Money-Finance Bill Controversy in the Constituent Assembly Debates   The Finance Bill, 2017 seeks to amend  40 acts on income tax raid procedures, anonymity in p...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
21st February 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

The Nagaland Dispute, Gender Equality and the Constituent Assembly

A violent agitation has broken out in Nagaland against a constitutionally mandated reservation for women in local councils. The tribal population of the state argues that ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
7th February 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

Saving the Date: January 26th and the Constituent Assembly

Republic day – January 26 – does not only mark the commencement of the Indian Constitution, but is also inextricably linked to a historical moment in the Indian nationalis...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
23rd January 2017 | Vineeth Krishna

CADIndia Version 2: What’s new?

Centre for Law and Policy Research’s (CLPR) CADIndia website has undergone significant changes and improvements over the past year.   In Phase I (2015-16) of the Con...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
15th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Constituent Assembly Debates Website (CADIndia)

The Constituent Assembly Debates (CADs) are a record of the debates and proceedings in the Constituent Assembly of India which sat for 165 days from December 9, 1946 to Ja...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
15th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016: East Regional Round

On 6th August, 2016 we organised the East Regional Round of ConQuest 2016, India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, History and Politics. We were hosted b...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
14th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Supreme Court Observer Website

In 2016, CLPR is setting up a website to track the working of the Supreme Court of India. This website will be a non-partisan journalistic effort to make the work of the C...

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SCO
Supreme Court Observer
Conquest pastel full copy 768x681
4th November 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz

One of the objectives of the Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project has been to create a robust civic citizenship. In furtherance to this aim, we will organise an an...

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ConQuest
ConQuest 2016
Conquest pastel full copy 768x681
23rd August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest 2016: National Finals

On 20thAugust 2016, the Centre for Law and Policy Research organized the National Finals of ConQuest 2016 : India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, Histo...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
22nd August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016: North Regional Rounds

On 20th August, 2016, we organized the North Regional Round of ConQuest 2016, India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, History and Politics. The Quiz was ...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
6th August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016 West Round

CLPR conducted the West Round of ConQuest 2016 at Symbiosis Law College, Pune on the 30th of July 2016. 45 teams from across Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh p...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
1st August 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest Quiz 2016: South Regional Round

On 23rd July, 2016, we organized the South Regional Round of ConQuest 2016, India’s first national-level quiz on Indian Constitution, History and Politics. We were hosted ...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
30th June 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

ConQuest 2016: India’s First Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics

The Centre for Law and Policy Research will conduct India’s First National Level Quiz on the Indian Constitution, History and Politics in 2016, called ‘ConQuest’. The quiz...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
13th June 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Child labour in the Constituent Assembly

The 12th of June was observed as the ‘World Day Against Child Labour’. This article takes a close look at the Constituent Assembly of India’s engagement with child labour ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Constituent assembly debates website  cadindia   1
9th May 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Special Leave Petitions and the Constituent Assembly Debates

It is no secret that the Supreme Court currently faces an enormous (and frankly unmanageable) number of Special Leave Petitions (SLPs) under Article 136. This has most rec...

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Supreme Court
7th May 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project Phase II

Phase ll of CLPR’s Constitutional and Civic Citizenship Project, supported by FNF South Asia , is in full swing. A new batch of Associate Editors and Interns are currently...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
7th May 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

CLPR’s National Level Quiz On the Indian Constitution

The Centre for Law and Policy Research (CLPR) is excited to conduct India’s first national-level quiz on the Indian Constitution and its history. The quiz will be held in ...

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ConQuest 2016
ConQuest
Constituent assembly debates website  cadindia
15th February 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Report on ‘Constituent Assembly Debates in Contemporary times’

On 26th January 2016, Republic Day, CLPR’s CADIndia website was launched at the Karnataka Judicial Academy. The launch event consisted of a discussion around ‘Constituent ...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates
Constituent assembly debates website  cadindia
31st January 2016 | Vineeth Krishna

Republic Day Celebration 2016: Launch of CLPR’s CADIndia website and discussion on ‘Constituent Assembly Debates in Contemporary Times’

On the 26th of January 2016, the Centre for Law and Policy Research(CLPR), launched its CADIndia website and also organised a discussion around the theme – ‘Constituent As...

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CADIndia
Constituent Assembly Debates