Sardar Patel's Timeline
Sardar Vallabhai Patel, often referred to as the 'Iron Man of India', was born on 31st October 1875 and at educated at Nadiad High School and the Middle Temple, London. He began his career as a barrister.
His career in government began with his election to Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in 1917 as the Sanitation Commissioner. In this position, he transformed the city completely. He extended electricity, drainage and sanitation facility to all parts of the city and conducted major educational reforms including fighting for the recognition and payment of teachers. In 1920, Patel was nominated and elected as the President of the newly formed Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee.
Involvement in India’s independence movement:
Patel was an actively involved in the Non-Cooperation, Satyagraha and Quit India movements and was at various points arrested by the British. When Gandhi was imprisoned in 1923, he led and organised the Satyagraha movement in Nagpur.
At the 1931 Karachi session, Sardar Patel was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress. At this session, the Congress passed the historic Karachi Resolution, an important document that later influenced the framing of India's Constitution.
Key contribution in Constitution Making:
In the Constituent Assembly of India, Sardar Patel held some key positions including that of the Chairman of two important committees: Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas and Provincial Constitution Committee. During the Committee Stages and the Debates in the Constituent Assembly, he was opposed to including separate electorates in the Indian Constitution and advocated for strong central government.
During the framing of India's Constitution, he was the Home and Information and Broadcasting Minister in Interim Government and played a critical role negotiating with and integrating the 565 princely states into the Union of India. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, he organized relief efforts for refugees fleeing from Punjab and Delhi and worked to restore peace across the nation. He held the post of Minister for States after July 1947 and Minister of Home and States after 1948.
Patel passed away on 15th December 1950.