Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi was born in Gujarat and represented the Bombay province in the Constituent Assembly. He completed his education in Vadodara. A lawyer by profession, his initial foray into politics was from 1907 to 1913, when he took part in reform activities like campaigning for eliminating caste based discrimination, promoting women’s education and widow remarriages. Munshi also wrote extensively in Hindi and Gujarati, even starting his own Gujrati monthly, Bhargava.
He founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, an educational trust in 1938 and started the Bhavan's Journal, still published by the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan today. His flair for literature positioned him as suitable for the post of President of the Sanskrit Viswa Parishad, the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, and the Hindi Sahityasammelan. From 1937-1940 he served as the Home Minister of Bombay State and the Agent-General of India in Hyderabad State in 1948.
Later, between 1952-1953 he was a Member of Parliament and Minister for Agriculture & Food. He paved the way for an agricultural economy that was self-reliant by canvassing agricultural research. He held the Governorship of Uttar Pradesh from 1952 to 1957 and after his tenure founded the Akhand Hindustan Movement and the SwatantraParty which eventually died out, after which he joined the Jan Sangh.